Pehllah Parkash: Guru Arjun places Aad Granth on highest pedestal
Pehllah Parkash Diharrah. The Day in 1604 when Guru Arjun ji gave mankind its greatest treasure
By Asia Samachar -
September 1, 2016
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| Opinion | 1 Sept 2016 | Asia Samachar |By Jarnail Singh Arshi
That momentous day in Sikh History when Guru Arjun Ji, the Fifth Nanak, gifted mankind the Book of Knowledge – not only worldly knowledge but the precise and modern pathway to the Creator and declared Pothi Parmeshar ka Thaan (ਪੋਥੀ ਪਰਮੇਸਰ ਕਾ ਥਾਨੁ ॥) – Herein is contained the complete directions to discover the Creator within and without.
This day 16 Aug 1604 (adjusted to 1 Sept following seasonal changes in the solar lunar years) Guru Arjun Ji placed on the highest pedestal in the Harmandir Sahib, the first copy of the Aad Granth containing the compositions of Five Guru Sahibs and 34 Bhagats, Sheikhs, and other holy men of the Bhaktee Movement who had realised the Creator within and without. The Gurbani of the Ninth Nanak, Guru Teg Bahadur ji, was later added to this Aad Granth by Guru Gobind Singh who renamed it Guru Granth Sahib and installed as the Final Guru of the Sikhs.
From a historical perspective – the Aad Granth is not to be taken as a spur of the moment creation. In actual fact, it is the culmination of a well run programme beginning with Guru Nanak Sahib. It’s an undeniable fact of history that the Nirmal Panth, also called Nirala panth – the Khalsa Panth that straddles the world today, has its roots in the establishment of the Darbar Sahib Sri Amritsar and inside it the establishment of the Aad Granth (later with further additions of Gurbani of Guru Teg Bahdur Ji and completed and installed as Guru Granth Sahib the Final Guru by the Tenth Nanak, Guru Gobind Singh Ji)
If we go a little deeper we can clearly see that this entire episode in history is not a man made or man created episode – but a well planned, completely thought out process that went on during the 10 human lifetimes of the ten Nanaks. To back up this, we can quote the Gurbani on Page 1408:
ਜੋਤਿ ਰੂਪਿ ਹਰਿ ਆਪਿ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਕਹਾਯਉ ॥
ਤਾ ਤੇ ਅੰਗਦੁ ਭਯਉ ਤਤ ਸਿਉ ਤਤੁ ਮਿਲਾਯਉ ॥
Jyot roop HAR AAP, Guru Nanak kahaiyo
Tanteh ANGAD bahiyo tat sion tatt milayio
In the beginning The Creator Himself ordained and placed His Jyot in Guru Nanak Ji to bring His Message to the world and this was later merged into Angad as the successor.
Bhai Gurdass ji in his Vaar gives us a further insight into the unique way this entire plan was put into place by the First Guru Nanak ji Himself:
ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰ ਆਕਾਰੁ ਕਰਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪ ਅਨੂਪ ਦਿਖਾਇਆ।
Nirankaar akaar kar jyot sroop anoop dikhayah
The Nirankaar took Akaar and showed His Jyot in Guru Nanak.
This is the reason despite the biggest challenges – be they political, social, family, economic etc – none were able to stop this pre-ordained plan form being given completion from the Birth of Guru Nanak Ji in 1469 till the Guru Granth sahib Ji was installed as Eternal Guru in 1708.
This being the case, it’s a big mistake to treat any one Guru Sahib ji as lesser or greater than the other or in any way different from the rest. It’s been very clearly stated that:
ਲਹਣੇ ਦੀ ਫੇਰਾਈਐ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਦੋਹੀ ਖਟੀਐ ॥
ਜੋਤਿ ਓਹਾ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਸਾਇ ਸਹਿ ਕਾਇਆ ਫੇਰਿ ਪਲਟੀਐ ॥
Lehnneh dee feriyeah Nanka dohee khatteyeah
JYOT UHA Jugt saiye she kaiya fer plateeyeayh…
The Nanak Jyot was merged into Lehnna transforming Bhai Lehnna into Guru Angad.
The JYOT or soul is the same..only the human body has changed.
This guiding principle should be our Lighthouse- the Ten Nanaks and the Guru Granth are the exact same Nirankaree Jyot.
This Plan was put into action by Guru Nanak ji himself when He began collecting the Gurbani of various Bhagats as he visited their places of residence on his four long journeys around the world – journeys that took almost a quarter of his earthly life.
Guru Nanak ji not only wrote down his own compositions but also copied down the Bhagat Banis he found. This treasure was passed down to Guru Angad Sahib ji and then through Guru Amardass ji to Guru Ramdass Ji and finally to Guru Arjun Ji. Guru Angad Sahib ji and Guru Amardass Ji and Guru Ramdass Ji wrote their own compositions. Guru Arjun Ji, known as Bani da Bohithah (Ship of Gurbani) due to the great volume of his own compositions, decided to give credence to the next step in this plan.
Guru Nanak ji had established Kartarpur, Guru Angad Sahib established Khadoor Sahib, Guru Amardass established Goindwaal Sahib and Guru Ramdass ji established Ramdasspur. Guru Arjun ji, the Nation Builder, expanded Raamdaspur into the vibrant township and renamed it Amritsar, built sarovars, baolis and wells to provide drinking water to the ever increasing populace.
The next step in the further strengthening of the budding Sikh nation was the building and completion of Darbar Sahib (Harmandir sahib) as the Central Headquarters and the Parkash of the AAD GRANTH as the Central Seat of the Akaal. For this momentous task, Guru Arjun Ji had to face numerous difficulties, enmities and finally martyrdom on the Hot Plate. But he never wavered the slightest bit from the Divine path and the Programme set in motion by Guru Nanak Ji about one century earlier.
It’s astonishing that Guru Arjun Ji’s life had a period of about 12 years when Guru ji, with his wife and infant son Hargobind in tow, were busy on parchaar (preaching) tour and performing social work to help in an epidemic of small pox coupled with a long serious drought. Muslim historian Noor writes that during this horrible period, the streets of Lahore were littered with corpses rotting away due to lack of labour to carry them away. Small pox and shortage of drinking water was taking a terrible toll on the screaming populace which Guru Arjun Ji calmed with His saintly presence. Even Emperor Akbar was highly impressed with Guru Arjun Ji’s humanitarian work. During this time, Hargobind was also struck down with small pox. Even in this incident, we can see the true teachings of Gurbani shining through – Guru Arjun Ji didn’t ask the Creator for any special favours for his only son Hargobind. But when the infant recovered, Guru ji composed shabds expressing his heartfelt thanks to the Creator. A Sikh always live in HIS WILL and thanks Him for the ability to live in His Hukm. Guru Arjun Ji had to burn his body on the Hot plate of the tyrant but refused to dilute the Dhur Ki bani aye, tin saglee chint mitayee (ਧੁਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਆਈ ॥ ਤਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਚਿੰਤ ਮਿਟਾਈ ॥) for any reason or any ruler.
A little background as to the contents of the Aad Granth would not be out of place here.
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